I. \\ˌärk, ˌȧk, alternatively -_ə(r)k in a few common words (as “monarch”) in which the preceding syllable has stress\ noun combining form (-s)
Etymology: Middle English -arke, -arche, from Old French & Late Latin & Latin; Old French -arche, from Late Latin -archa, from Latin -arches, -archus, from Greek -archēs, archos — more at archi-



II. \\ˌärk, ˌȧk\ adjective combining form
Etymology: probably from German, from Greek archē beginning — more at archi-
: having (such) a point or (so many) points of origin



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a combining form meaning "chief, leader, ruler," used in the formation of compound words: monarch; matriarch; heresiarch.
[ < Gk -archos or -arches, as comb. forms of árchos leader; cf. ARCHI-]

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-arch /-ärk or -ərk/
combining form
Denoting chief, ruler, as in matriarch, monarch
ORIGIN: Gr archē rule

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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